Researchers in Brazil released a groundbreaking study Tuesday on the first baby born to a woman with a transplanted uterus from a deceased donor.
The mother and baby, born through c-section on December 15, 2017, are now cemented in medical history as the first to successfully use a uterus from a deceased donor.
Few but successful births have taken place using donor uteruses from live patients in Sweden and the United States, with 39 transplants and 11 births.
Though there have been 10 uterus transplants from deceased donors in the United States, the Czech Republic and in Turkey, this is the first to result in a child.
The study, published in the journal The Lancet, reported on the mother before, during after her transplant and subsequent birth.
She was 32 years old at the time of the uterine transplant, which took place at the Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo School of Medicine, Brazil, and lasted for more than 10 hours, on September 20, 2016.
The uterus was donated by a 45-year-old deceased mother of three, who died from a subarachnoid hemorrhage. The donor was chosen because of her blood type, age and amount of births.
The patient was married for five years and suffered from congenital uterine absence, making it impossible for her to conceive naturally.
She had an IVF cycle four months before her transplant. After the transplant, her period returned after 37 days.
She received transplanted embryos seven months after the procedure, in April 2017, from which she became pregnant.
The baby was born at 36 weeks old, with no complications. The donor uterus was removed from the receiving patient during the c-section. At the time of writing the study, the baby was 7 months old and growing normally.
Study authors wrote that, “the success expands prospects for childbirth among women with infertility attributable to uterine factors.”