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2020考研英語(一):作文熱門素材之社會民風篇

  摘要:對于考研英語備考的學生來說,要想拿下英語,作文是關鍵。而作文要想拿高分,就要多背一些素材。

  1、共享單車

  The advent of bike-sharing has greatly changed the way people travel. It not only improves people’s travel efficiency, but also lowers the cost (降低成本)of one’s trip to a certain extent.

  共享單車的出現極大地改變了人們的出現方式。它不僅提高了人們的出行效率,而且在一定程度上降低了出行成本。

  Last but least, conception of bike-sharing makes it possible for us to lead a healthy and active lifestyle because it is an environment-friendly (環境友好型)means of transportation.

  最后同樣重要的是,共享單車的理念使我們可能擁有健康積極的生活方式,因為它是一種環保的交通工具。

  It is highly recommended (強烈建議) that the sharing bike providers give a better management to their bike-sharing system. It can be expected that bicycle-sharing system will play a contributing and constructive role in urban public transportation.

  我們強烈建議共享單車供應商為其共享系統提供更好的管理。可以預期,共享單車系統將在城市公共交通中起到積極的建設性作用。

  Shared bikes have been seized upon (抓住,利用)by commuters (通勤者)as a cheap and convenient way to navigate congested cities.

  共享單車被通勤的人們當做一種便宜、方便的方式來應對交通堵塞問題。

  But recently there has been mounting (逐漸增加的)complaints over an accumulation of millions of shared bikes on city streets. Bikes are often broken down or left haphazardly (隨意地)parked by users outside of designated zones, which have seriously influenced citizens’ life.

  但是最近對城市機頭成千上萬的共享單車的抱怨越來越多。共享單車常常被破壞,或者被用戶隨意停靠在指定區域之外,嚴重影響了市民的生活。

  What’s worse, safety issues have also arisen, including the reported death of a primary school student who was struck by a bus when he was riding a shared bike.

  更糟糕的是,安全問題也日益浮現,其中包括曾經報道的一個小學生騎共享單車時被撞身亡的事故。

  To tackle (處理)these problems, all aspects of the city should make concerted efforts (齊心協力). Authorities should take actions to tighten controls on parking of bikes, devise systems to penalize offenders and develop standards (制定標準)on maintenance and bicycle life spans.

  為了解決這些問題,城市的各方面必須齊心協力。官方機構應當采取措施,加強對自行車停放的管理,制定規定懲罰破壞者,制定車輛維護和使用期限保準。

  2、傳統道德

  For thousands of years, it has been considered a social responsibility and behavioral norm (行為規范)to respect the elder in China.

  幾千年來,尊老在中國被看做是一種社會責任和行為規范。

  There is no doubt that traditional morality, as a national spirit, is a valuable contribution to social harmony and progress and thus should be advocated and promoted in modern times.

  毫無疑問,作為一種民族精神,傳統道德對社會進步與和諧有著可貴的貢獻。因此在現代社會也應受到提倡和發揚。

  3、信任危機

  First and foremost, people will be deprived of (被剝奪)much since they become over-cautions and feel insecure all the time. Besides, a lack of trust is detrimental to personal relationships since “ Trust is the glue of life. It’s the most essential ingredient in effective communication. It’s the foundation principle that holds all relationships.” Last but not least, people’s loss of trust in the government could intensify social contradictions (加劇社會矛盾).

  首先,人們時刻小心謹慎,沒有安全,因此被剝奪了許多樂趣。此外,缺乏信任對人際關系有害,因為“信任是生活的粘合劑。它是有效溝通的最重要的因素。它是維系所有關系的基本原則。”最后應特別指出的是,人們對政府失去信任會加劇社會矛盾。

  Therefore, it is high time that (正是......的時候)we called on all sides to deal with the trust crisis. For one thing, the government should make great efforts to promote a credibility system. For another, the mass media should also play a positive role in restoring mutual trust among people.

  因此,現在匯聚各方力量應對信任危機正當其時。一方面,政府應當著力推薦誠信體系建設。另一方面,大眾媒體也應該在恢復人與人之間的相互信任方面發揮積極作用。

  4、就醫之專家號

  People tend to believe that experts are more professional, that prestigious experts can always make faster and better diagnosis and treatment.

  人們往往認為專家更加專業,覺得知名專家總是能給予更快、更好的診斷和治療。

  This, in my opinion, not only wastes people’s time, but also takes up the precious medical resources (占用寶貴醫療資源).

  在我看來,這種做法不僅浪費了人們的時間,還占用了寶貴的醫療資源。

  為了避免類似于“公牛擠奶”的尷尬情景發生,我們應當謹記:調查研究必不可少。只有在調查結果的指引下,選對了方向,我們的努力才能得到回報。

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